In a tibial knee osteotomy, the tibia (shin bone) is cut and reshaped to relieve pressure on the knee joint. It’s used when a patient has early stage osteoarthritis that has damaged just one side of the knee. Your surgeon restructures the bones to relieve stress on the affected cartilage and shift pressure to more healthy tissue.
The surgery requires general anaesthesia and recovery may be extensive. Expect to use crutches for at least six weeks. Placing too much weight on the knee too soon may damage the bone surface and prolong healing time.
Swelling in the leg usually decreases over a span of three-to-six months following the surgery. Patients must exercise caution during all activities, including walking, until healing is complete. You may also need to take a month or more off work, depending on the extent of your surgery.